There is a common misconception that bonsai trees are hard to care and maintain because they look delicate and vulnerable. Not known to many, there are several bonsai tree species that are very tolerant to certain conditions. In order to make sure that your bonsai tree will grow healthy, all you need to do is to follow some basic care guidelines. Different species have different caring requirements. Thus, it is still of utmost importance that you know the specific demands of your bonsai tree.
Location plays a very important role in determining whether your bonsai will survive or not. We all know that plants make their food in the presence of the sunlight through a process of photosynthesis. Thus, the lesser sunlight, the lesser food a plant can produce. Knowing whether your species needs to be indoor or outdoor is pertinent so that you can comply with its needs. Obviously, those species that needs more sun must not be placed indoors as it will not survive.
The frequency of watering a bonsai tree depends on several factor. These include species, the size of the plant, weather and soil composition. As a general rule of thumb, it is not a good practice to overwater a bonsai tree. Apparently, more frequent watering is necessary during summer compared during winter. How will you know if the soil is dry enough and needs to be watered again? Using a simple moisture meter can help you smartly estimate the moisture content of the soil.
Fertilization is a must for bonsai plants as they are commonly planted in small pots. Thus, the nutrients in the soil can easily be depleted. Through fertilization, you can replenish lost nutrients necessary to for the development and nourishment of the tree. Using generic bonsai fertilizer will do. However, extreme caution must be exercised in applying this fertilizer to avoid overdosing the plant. Carefully follow the dosing instructions. Of course, nothing beats an all organic fertilizer.
Temperature and Climate
Just like other plants, bonsais can also be sensitive to changes in temperature and climate. Extremely high and low temperatures can cause severe and permanent damages to these gentle trees, thus extreme care must be exercised. The majority of the bonsai species must be kept indoors during winter. Due to their size, they may not be able to withstand extreme cold temperature. In the same manner during summer, bonsai trees must also be kept in shade for a few hours per day to avoid overexposure to the sun.
Wiring is usually done by bonsai enthusiasts in order to shape the tree in conformity to their preference. Wiring is more commonly done during the early stages of the plant when its branches are still malleable and soft. Skilled bonsai growers are already experts in the art of wiring. For beginners, it is suggested to use regular guy wire. Constant monitoring of the wires must also be done in order to prevent permanent damage on the barks of the tree. The art of caring for a bonsai tree is simply the right combination of all the basic care elements. Once you have given what your bonsai needs, you can expect that it will grow healthy and beautifully.